Generating a build tree is a non-trivial operation and should not be attempted manually. Instead, eCos is shipped with a tool called ecosconfig that should be used to create a build tree.
Usually ecosconfig will be run inside the build tree itself. If you are creating a new build tree then typically you will create a new empty directory using the mkdir command, cd into that directory, and then invoke ecosconfig to create a configuration. By default, the configuration is stored in a file ecos.ecc in the current directory. The configuration may be modified by editing this file directly. ecosconfig itself deals with a number of coarse-grained configuration options such as the target platform and the packages that should be used.
The ecosconfig tool is also used subsequently to generate a build tree for a configuration. Once a build tree exists, it is possible to run ecosconfig again inside the same build tree. This will be necessary if your wish to change some of the configuration options.
ecosconfig does not generate the top-level directory of the build tree; you must do this yourself.
$ mkdir ecos-work $ cd ecos-work
The next step is to run ecosconfig:
$ ecosconfig <qualifiers> <command>
The available command line qualifiers for ecosconfig are as follows. Multiple qualifiers may be used on the command line:
Provides basic usage guidelines for the available commands and qualifiers.
Specifies an eCos configuration save file for use by the tool. By default, the file ecos.ecc in the current directory is used. Developers may prefer to use a common location for all their eCos configurations rather than keep the configuration information in the base of the build tree.
Specifies an alternative location for the install tree. By default, the install tree resides inside the install directory in the build tree. Developers may prefer to locate the build tree in a temporary file hierarchy but keep the install tree in a more permanent location.
Specifies the location of the component repository. By default, the tool uses the location specified in the ECOS_REPOSITORY environment variable. Developers may prefer to use of this qualifier if they are working with more than one repository.
Disables the implicit resolution of conflicts while manipulating the configuration data. developers may prefer to resolve conflicts by editing the eCos configuration save file manually.
By default, ecosconfig will exit with an error code if the current configuration contains any conflicts, and it is not possible to generate or update a build tree for such configurations. This qualifier causes ecosconfig to ignore such problems, and hence it is possible to generate a build tree even if there are still conflicts. Of course, there are no guarantees that the resulting system will actually do anything.
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The --config, --prefix and --srcdir qualifiers can also be written with two arguments, for example:
ecosconfig --srcdir <dir> ...
This simplifies filename completion with some shells.
The available commands for ecosconfig are as follows:
Lists the available packages, targets and templates as installed in the eCos repository. Aliases and package versions are also reported.
Creates a new eCos configuration for the specified target hardware and saves it. A software template may also be specified. By default, the template named ‘default’ is used. If the template version is not specified, the latest version is used.
Changes the target hardware selection for the eCos configuration. This has the effect of unloading packages supporting the target selected previously and loading the packages which support the new hardware. This command will be used typically when switching between a simulator and real hardware.
Changes the template selection for the eCos configuration. This has the effect of unloading packages specified by the template selected previously and loading the packages specified by the new template. By default, the latest version of the specified template is used.
Removes the specified packages from the eCos configuration. This command will be used typically when the template on which a configuration is based contains packages which are not required.
Adds the specified packages to the eCos configuration. This command will be used typically when the template on which a configuration is based does not contain all the packages which are required.For example, add-on packages provided by third parties will not be known to the standard templates, so they will have to be added explicitly.
Selects the specified version of a number of packages in the eCos configuration. By default, the most recent version of each package is used. This command will be used typically when an older version of a package is required.
Presents the following information concerning the current configuration:
the selected target hardware
the selected template
the selected version of packages where this is not the most recent version
conflicts in the current configuration
Resolves conflicts identified in the current eCos configuration by invoking an inference capability. Resolved conflicts are reported, but not all conflicts may be resolvable. This command will be used typically following manual editing of the configuration.
Exports a minimal eCos configuration save file with the specified name. This file contains only those options which do not have their default value. Such files are used typically to transfer option values from one configuration to another.
Imports a minimal eCos configuration save file with the specified name. The values of those options specified in the file are applied to the current configuration.
Generates a build tree based on the current eCos configuration. This command will be used typically just before building eCos.Normally a build tree can only be generated if if the configuration has no unresolved conflicts, but --ignore-errors can be used to override this.